Turkish Cini Tile art which is a type of ottoman Jewellery is a work of art made of glazed and embroidered clay. More generally, cini is the name given to ceramics obtained by firing porcelain. Before the firing process is carried out, the soil is shaped. Then colors and patterns are added step by step.
In Central Asia and Iran, this tile is called as a Kashi, and it is named after the tiles coming from China. China has the best and high quality examples of tile art in the world. Tile art dating back to the Assyrians is seen in magnificent ways even in the 7th and 8th centuries in the Turks. The first Turkish illustrated tile work is seen in Konya palaces in the 13th century. Lining, color, glazing and firing requires a lot of attention however çini an art in which you can reveal what you want to reflect easily.
Kaolen, chalk, sand and a few other materials come together to make the soil pulp. The mixture is stirred until it reaches a consistency. It is then cleaned with the aid of a sieve or a large perforated strainer . Materials such as stones are excluded. The dough is given the desired shape. İt could be a tile , a vase or a necklace. Once the shapes are dry, they are hard enough for undercoating. The purpose of undercoating is to ensure that the tile is white. When the desired whiteness is obtained, the next phase known as biscuit is initiated.
The biscuit is the first firing of the undercoated earthenware at 900 degrees. The biscuit process is carried out slowly for about 24 hours. After the firing process is finished, the surface of the item is sanded. It is then coated with paper. Pattern is drawn with black pencil on the coated paper. The pattern on the paper is marked on the piece by making needle holes. Then the pattern is concretized by charcoal dust. ( Please note that artist don’t use patterns while drawing on necklace or bracelet tiles. ) Then the artist uses paint to give the pattern its final look. Then the piece is glazed. After the glazing process the piece is fired again . it is very important to cool the pieces very slowly after firing to avoid cracking.
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